The Guelph Lab is working with Transportation Services (City of Guelph) and Geography, Environment and Geomatics (UofG) to develop and implement a Community Road Safety Strategy and Traffic Calming Policy in 2020 and 2021.
The goal of this project is to develop a traffic calming policy for Guelph that effectively (i.e., reduces risks / severe and fatal collisions) and fairly (i.e., equitably) distributes traffic calming interventions.
Our initial research will answer three questions:
Which areas of the city have traffic calming measures (e.g., speed bumps) and which areas request these measures?
Do requests for traffic calming reflect actual collision rates?
What factors, other than actual collision rates, might explain why some areas of the City are more likely to request traffic calming than others? (e.g., income, rates of civic engagement, the road network etc.)
Road Saftey, Equity and Civic Engagement
Cities need input from residents in order to decide where traffic calming measures like speed bumps are most needed. Research in other cities has established clear connections between income levels, rates of civic engagement and pedestrian safety.
Traffic calming is primarily been implemented in response to requests from residents, and we know that rates and patterns of civic / political participation vary across, for example, gender, income, level of education, immigration status and age. (See "Spatial distribution of roadway environment features related to child pedestrian safety by census tract income in Toronto, Canada").